22.214.171.124 According to CASE analysis, employment across all culture and sport sub-sectors, between 2006 and 2008, decreased by 1% from 190,112 to 188,856. This was one of the lowest changes outside of London and the
South East (where employment increased). Outside of London and the South East, the South West has the highest regional employment in heritage of all English regions (in 2008 of 7,880) and the second highest for the creative sector at 137,848. The number of VAT-registered businesses in the culture and sport sector increased by 17% from 13,221 to 15,491, with the highest increase in creative businesses at 18% (CASE, September 2010).
126.96.36.199 Cultural and creative businesses are mainly small and owner manager enterprises, many not registered for VAT or operating PAYE, and hence statistically ‘invisible’ (that is, not included in official data sources such as the Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) and Annual Business Survey (ABS). Although official economic counts of, for example, employment and businesses, are under-estimations, they serve as useful indicators of size and growth patterns.
188.8.131.52 Looking at the creative industries, CASE analysis found 13,086 VAT-registered creative businesses in the South West (CASE, September 2010), employment of 137,848, and a 7% increase in GVA between 2005/6 and
2007/8. Comparison with previously cited counts is not possible because CASE’s data are based on a narrower definition than previously used by DCMS in the Creative Industries Economic Estimates Bulletins, and do not take account of non-VAT registered companies and freelance workers, and nor do they include those working in creative occupations outside of the ‘core’ creative sector. Putting methodological issues aside, CASE base data allows comparison between regions and annual tracked changes.
184.108.40.206 Business models in the cultural sector vary considerably, from public-funded organisations and agencies, through social enterprises and charities, to large and small private companies. Outside of London and the South East, the South West remains one of the most economically successful regions for cultural enterprise, with strengths in creative industries (particularly crafts, publishing, software computer games and electronic publishing), heritage and cultural tourism. CASE analysis, shows variations between local authorities, with high concentrations of employment and businesses in Bristol, Bath and North East Somerset, Wiltshire, Bournemouth and Poole. Although there are caveats concerning data reliability at local level, as well as definitional accuracy, data show culture and sport enterprise is widely dispersed across the region’s urban and rural areas.