7.16.17 The Landfill Allowance Trading Scheme is currently in its fifth year of operation. It provides each unitary and waste disposal authority a tradable allowance of Biodegradable Municipal Waste (BMW) that can be landfilled within a specified year. Allowances have been set at a level that will help England to meet its targets for reducing BMW landfilled, under the Landfill Directive.
7.16.18 The Landfill Directive sets 3 targets:
1. By 2010 to reduce the amount of BMW going to landfill to 75% of that produced in 1995
2. By 2013 to 50% of that produced in 1995
3. By 2020 to 35% of that produced in 1995
7.16.19 Allocations will reduce between now and 2020, but the scheme allows authorities to trade, bank or borrow allowances (whilst diverting BMW from landfill) in order to meet these targets. Financial penalties are incurred for not meeting allowances.
7.16.20 The amount of Biodegradable Municipal Waste (BMW) sent to landfill is continuing to decline. Around 8.4 million tonnes of BMW were landfilled in England (2009/10); nearly 3 million tonnes less than local authorities could have landfilled and over 9% less than in 2008/2009. Of this, just over 1 million tonnes were landfilled in the South West a 6% decline on 2008/2009 and nearly 102 thousand tonnes less than LATS allowances for 2009/10. In total England sends 46% less BMW to landfill than it did in 2001/02 (Environment Agency, 2010).
7.16.21 Within the region Gloucestershire County Council and South Gloucestershire Council landfilled more than their allocation in 2009/10; an allowance deficit of 2,711 and 905 tonnes respectively. Devon County Council landfilled over 23 thousand tonnes less than their allowance. However, by percentage allocation, Bournemouth Borough Council landfilled the least, sending only 60% of their allocation to landfill.
Commercial and Industrial Waste Arising Survey 2010
7.16.22 Defra have recently published the results from the Commercial and Industrial Waste Arisings 2010 survey. The results provide estimates of waste generated by these sectors and follows from previous surveys carried out in 1998/99 and 2002/03. The results can be used to help in waste planning, for the future.
7.16.23 Total commercial and industrial waste produced in England during 2009 was estimated to be 48 million tonnes. Estimates for the South West region total 4.07 million tonnes; 8.5% of the national estimate.
7.16.24 Mixed wastes and non-metallic wastes account for over half of commercial and industrial waste generated in the South West. The same can be seen nationally and across other waste types, with one exception – mineral wastes. The South West deals with proportionally less;7.0% compared to 18.5% dealt with nationally.
7.16.25 The retail and wholesale sector accounts for 21.3% (868.6 thousand tonnes) of the regions estimated commercial and industrial wastes. The food, drink and tobacco sector follows with 13.1% (532.8 thousand tonnes). Other sectors range between 3.5% and 9.8%, with Education accounting for the least of these.
Figure 7.16.4 Waste by Sector (tonnes) in the South West, 2009
7.16.26 Over 2.03 million tonnes (49.8%) of commercial and industrial waste was recycled or reused (including composted waste) in 2009, compared to 40.1% in 2002/03. A total of 801.3 thousand tonnes (19.7%) was sent to landfill in 2009, compared to 42.3% in the last survey.
Table 7.16.1 Commercial and Industrial waste estimates (thousand tonnes), and recycling rates
| South West Total
| South West Recycling Rate %
| England Total
| England Recylcing Rate %
7.16.27 A more intensive survey was carried out in the South West in order to improve estimates at the Waste Planning Authority level (WPA). Inevitably with smaller sample numbers within WPA’s, it was necessary to fill data gaps using a top down approach, where regional or national means multiplied by the business population were used. Therefore there will be differences between the regional estimate of the National report and that using only local data for the WPAs. More details on the survey and methodology are available on the Defra website.
7.16.28 Total arisings calculated for the 16 WPAs within the South West were 3.8 Million tonnes. Gloucestershire, Devon and Somerset accounted for nearly 39% of the regions commercial and industrial wastes, the rest varied
from less than 0.1% in the case of the Isles of Scilly to 9.5% in Cornwall.
Figure 7.16.5 Commercial and Industrial Waste estimates by South West Waste Planning Authority (WPA), 2009