6.4.1 In 2008/09, over two-thirds of development (76.9%) took place on previously developed land (PDL), an increase from 72.4% in 2007/08. Over 80% of development in the West of England, Dorset and Gloucestershire took place on previously developed land.
Figure 6.4.1 Percentage of new and converted dwellings on previously developed land (PDL) 2008/09
Percentage of new and converted dwellings on previously developed land (PDL) 2008/09 (Fig 6.4.1). Source: South West Local Authorities 2009.
6.4.2 Since 1992, the proportion of smaller dwellings being built in the region has declined gradually. From around 2000 there has been a general reversal of this trend. However, DCLG data for 2009/10 indicates that smaller dwellings (one or two bedrooms) account for 46% of the total new build, which is a decrease from the 2008/09 figure of 49%. Overall, the number of two bedroom dwellings being built has increased from 24% in 2000/01 to approximately 37% in 2009/10. The increase in two bedroom dwellings and subsequent decline in larger dwellings being built may be due to the majority of development now being located on previously developed land; sites which are often better suited to smaller dwellings and higher densities.
Figure 6.4.2 Housing Mix and Distribution
Housing Mix and Distribution (Fig 6.4.2). Source: DCLG.
6.4.3 Over the period 1999-2008 owner occupied dwellings accounted for most of the growth in absolute numbers. In 2008, 72% of homes were owner occupied, whilst 14% were social rented (owned by Local Authorities or Registered Social Landlords) and 14% privately rented. Over the period 1999-2008, as a percentage of the total stock, privately rented dwellings increased by 3%, whereas owner-occupied dwellings decreased by 2%. This reflects the growth of the buy to let market and high levels of house price growth making owner occupation less accessible to some groups, particularly young people.
Figure 6.4.3 Housing mix and distribution, Tenure
Housing mix and distribution, Tenure (Fig 6.4.3). Source: CLG.