220.127.116.11 Smoking is the largest single cause of preventable death in Great Britain. The National Centre for Social Research (NatCen) estimates the mortality rate from smoking-related diseases in the South West to be more than 170 deaths per 100,000 population (2006-08). According to population estimates for that period, this equates to 8,892 deaths in the South West or approximately 17% of all mortality. This compares with an England average of 22.5% (source: ONS).
18.104.22.168 Smoking is the single most important avoidable risk factor for cancers (especially lung cancer), heart disease and many other diseases. It is estimated that smoking causes around 87% of lung cancer deaths, 57% of all cancer deaths and 17% of deaths due to circulatory disease (source: Health Development Agency 2004).
22.214.171.124 Approximately 5.5% of the NHS budget is spent on smoking-related healthcare. In 2008/09, smoking-attributable hospital admissions in the South West cost in excess of £96m (source: Local Tobacco Control Profiles
for England). 126.96.36.199 The adult (age 16+) smoking prevalence in England for 2009 is estimated to be 21%. Between 1998 and 2009, the number of adult men (aged 16+) who smoke reduced from 30% to 22%, while the number of women smokers reduced from 26% to 20% (source: Smoking and drinking among adults, 2009).(More information).
188.8.131.52 The General Lifestyle Survey 2009 also estimates that in the South West fewer than one in five (18%) adults is a smoker (Figure 184.108.40.206). This represents a three percentage point drop from 21% in 2008, and compares very favourably with the 21% figure for England as a whole. The proportion of smokers is slightly
higher in men than in women, but both groups have seen considerable reductions in prevalence since 2008, with men dropping from 21% to 19% in 2009 and women from 22% to 17%.
Figure 220.127.116.11 Proportion of adults aged 16+ who smoke in England and the South West
(persons, 1998 - 2009)
Proportion of adults aged 16+ who smoke in England and the South West (1998-2009) (Fig 18.104.22.168). General Lifestyle Survey 2009.
22.214.171.124 In Great Britain in 2009, the prevalence of smoking in people with routine or manual occupations is estimated to have been 28%, almost double the 15% prevalence of those in managerial and professional roles. Although reliable data for the South West are not currently available, these percentages are likely to be reflected in the smoking population in the South West.